I guess, the number of articles I have written during my professional life over the USA’s interventions in home affairs of other countries is well over a hundred. The USA considers Latin America its ‘backyard’, and is infamous for staging military coups in the region through groups of soldiers from Latin American countries trained in the US soil.
Those coups that took place in Guatemala (1954), Paraguay (1954), Brazil (1964), Chile (1973), Uruguay (1973), Argentina (1976), and Nicaragua (1979-1984) were all USA-backed interventions.
In the Middle East, the USA got the Syrian President Shukri al-Quwatli’s government overthrown by colonel Husni Zaim’s coup (1949); it supported the coup d’état in Egypt by a group of army officers known as the “Free Officers” (1952); overthrew Prime Minister Muhammad Musaddiq’s government in Iran by provoking street fights (1953), and caused Iraq to slid into turmoil through a bloody coup (1958).
The USA has had a finger in all military interventions in this region.
A routine business for the USA
We know the role of the USA in those murky events thanks to meticulous researches and insistent works of journalists that were carried out despite diligent efforts of the coup-plotting American state agencies to keep this American role hidden.
In some cases, a number of individuals who were given missions by the CIA, the mastermind behind the coup plots (such as Kim Roosevelt in the Middle East, and Philip Agee in Latin America), eventually gave first-hand accounts, revealing the secret games.
It is believed that the USA had some role in the military interventions in Turkey too, which, all together, make the Turkish history of military coups.
It has been registered even into books that the former US President Jimmy Carter mentioned the military coup on 12 September 1980 as `a work of our boys’. During the latest malignant coup attempt on 15 July 2016, while streets of the capital city and Istanbul witnessed bloody skirmishes, Michael Flynn, the prospective National Security Adviser of Donald Trump, said during a conference, ‘I have just been informed that the pro-American soldiers in Turkey are toppling the reactionary government’, as some footages in archives undeniably show.
US administrations in Washington always denied claims of American intervention in home affairs of other countries even though available evidence, testimonies, and some official documents printed into books clearly illustrate otherwise.
When confessions became inevitable, what were to be confessed were depicted as ‘shameful act of the CIA’. That was the case until recently.
The picture has changed. Now, the USA intervenes other countries openly, and state officials announce their efforts publicly for causing turmoil in other countries in order to achieve regime change. It overtly deploys any measurements to bring any government considered hostile onto its knees.
The USA has initiated a provocative move in Venezuela that may lead to a civil war. John Bolton, the ‘national security adviser’ in the White House, is engaged in the mission around the clock, and a coup is being staged even in broad daylight in a process that goes hand in hand with manipulation and mobilization of media.
John Bolton argues that what he has been doing cannot be seen as an attempt for a coup.
The US intervention is not limited to those efforts for toppling the present government in Venezuela; simultaneously, the USA pressures Cuba hard too, using Cuba’s support for Venezuela as an excuse.
Cuba, almost the only supporter of the Maduro regime in Venezuela (Turkey may be seen as another firm supporter as well), is the secondary target. The USA shows serious efforts for regime change in Cuba.
But, is this all?
No. The USA tries hard to defeat the regime in Iran by deploying different methods.
Strangely, our newspapers seem to be somewhat indifferent to this aspect of the American affairs. Indifference is at a surprising level indeed. However, International media are closely watching these developments -however partial some media may be.
This piece of news below has been discussed in a good number of foreign media as it is based on the IMF:
“According to the IMF, Iranian economy is about to collapse as a result of the sanctions exercised by the Trump administration. It is reported that Iranian economy is experiencing a heavy recession, and the inflation rate has reached 40%, the highest since 1980. Financial Times says that the gap between supporters of President Hassan Rouhani and those opposing any diplomatic relation with the USA is increasingly widening.”
It is also reported that Japan, South Korea, India, China and Turkey, the sanctions waivers for Iranian oil imports that the US administration granted to, will have to comply with the sanctions, which would mean yet another heavy blow on Iranian economy.
In this way, the USA seeks change in Iran as well.
These are all pieces of information that may easily be gathered by a quick glance into daily newspapers. Through public announcements, the USA shares information with the whole world as to what efforts it has been committing in order to achieve regime changes in near-and-far away countries.
The USA committed such operations in old times too; what is new now is that while it used to try to cover its role in past instances, now it shamelessly announces what operations it is carrying out.
This is the new outlook of the world.
The USA, Russia and Turkey
In this article, I have summarized what the USA has done; however, a similar review may be done for Russia as well, as the international actor which has stolen Crimea from Ukraine, exercised its power in countries that it considers as its ‘backyard’, starting with Georgia, and reached the Mediterranean militarily.
The USA is on one side, Russia is on the other side.
By looking at what discussions we are busy with while Turkey is going through a period in which it is supposed to be extremely careful, one cannot help but outcry alarmingly:
Oh my God. . .
[I thank profusely my reader Bernar for this translation. FK.]